What Is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a disease in which cells of the breast grow rapidly and uncontrolled manner. There are different types of malignant breast tumors. The type of malignancy in the chest depends on which cells turn into the disease.
Breast cancer can spread through the veins and lymphatic vessels. By the time a malignant tumor in the breast has spread to different parts of the body, it is said to have metastasized.
Several indications observed in different people are given below:
- If a lump appears in the breast or around it or under the armpit
- Thickening or widening of breast or part of the chest.
- Dimpling or irritation of the skin of the chest
- Redness of the chest area or flaky skin of breast or nipples
- Breast tightness or breast pain or pain in nipples
- Excretion of watery or other liquid discharge from the breast
- Breast size disturbance
Note that these conditions may be because of some other problems but if you observe any of these go to your health consultant.
Causes of Breast cancer
Osteomyelitis is the most common cause of malignant growth in women around the world. Chances of breast cancer increase immediately after childbirth so special care must be taken at that time. Obesity is also a major factor in this disease’s development. A breast injury can also lead to breast cancer. Also if your family has a history of this disease chance of this disease increases. According to a study eating snacks can increase the chances of this disease on set. Genetic mutations and liver diseases are also contributing factors.
Risk Factors that are related to breast cancer in the setting
- The frequency of malignant growth i.e. breast cancer in females increases rapidly with age during and after the gestational years (Source) and increases at a slower rate after concerning 50 years of age, which is the normal age at menopause.
- The more the age of the girl at the time of the menstruating the more chances of breast cancer protection. For every year increase in the age of the girls, the risk decreases by 5 percent.
- Chances of breast cancer increase immediately after childbirth, but this risk of abundance gradually decreases, and in the long term, the effect of childbirth is the guarantee of infection prevention.
- Especially in comparison to non-pregnant women, women who have had at least one full-term pregnancy had a 25% lower risk of chest cancer on average.
- A few, but not all, investigations in more developed countries have found protection. The US Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study, for example, looked studied the link between nursing and breast cancer in over 4500 women who had the condition and discovered that women who had nursed for at least 25 months had a 33 percent lower risk of breast cancer and those who had never breastfed.
- Females who reach menopause later in life have a higher risk of breast cancer than those who stop menstruation sooner, with the risk rising by roughly 3%.
- Estrogen is a woman hormone responsible for chest cancer, its amount is high in women with menstruating cycles (Source) therefore the risk is doubled in these ladies.
- All of the above information is extracted from the research article.
How to avoid breast cancer?
- Many ways can help to avoid this disease such as improving your living style and improving your eating routine by adding healthy food such as fish, fenugreek, and fruits.
- Obesity is one of the factors that can lead to breast cancer, thus obesity should be taken seriously and extra fat should be burned by maintaining a healthy diet and a simple exercising routine.
- Another factor that can cause this is the consumption of alcohol, so avoid it to avoid chest cancer.
- One of the best ways is to avoid tight clothing and even don’t wear a bra at night this will help you to prevent the disease.
Breast cancer in males
Although uncommon, men can develop a malignant tumor in the chest. Breast cancer is most often found in women, but men can also develop malignant growths in the chest. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) studies about 1 in 100 males analyzed in the United States were suffering from breast cancer (Source).
Note that the common symptoms of chest cancer for the males are same as females.
Breast cancer and genetics
If one of your female relatives has had the disease, you will have an increased risk of developing it. This includes your mother, grandmother, sister, or girl. If you do not have a family background of breast cancer disease, you can in any case promote a malignant tumor in the chest. Truth be told, most women who adopt this disease do not have a family background in the infection.
Medications and treatments for breast cancer
Medication in some cases of chest cancer is used to cure the disease, these are usually employed in the early stages of the disease. In some cases, medicines are targeted for specific cell blockage e.g. Herceptin can block the HER2 protein that enhances the growth of cancerous cells. Other treatment operations are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy.